Links

The following evidence and reference sources have been used in this report:

1 Public Health England, HIV in the United Kingdom: Towards Zero HIV transmissions by 2030, 2019

2 Public Health England, HIV in the United Kingdom: Towards Zero HIV transmissions by 2030, 2019

3 UNAIDS, Fast Track: Ending the AIDS Epidemic by 2030, 2014

4 Public Health England, HIV in the United Kingdom: Towards Zero HIV transmissions by 2030, 2019

5 Public Health England, HIV in the United Kingdom: Towards Zero HIV transmissions by 2030, 2019

6 Michael Marmot, Fair Society, Health Lives: The Marmot Review, 2010.

7 Michael Marmot, Health Equity in England: The Marmot Review 10 years on, 2020

8 UNAIDS, Seizing the Moment: Tackling entrenched inequalities to end epidemics, 2020

9 Public Health England, Disparities in the Risks and Outcomes of COVID-19, May 2020

10 Public Health England, Beyond the Data: Understanding the impact of COVID-19 on BAME Groups, 2020

11 RW Eisinger, CW Dieffenback, AS Fauci, HIV viral load and transmissibility of HIV infection: undetectable equals untransmittable
Journal of American Medical Association, 2019

12 https://www.england.nhs.uk/commissioning/wp-content/uploads/sites/12/2015/10/f03pc-tasp-oct15.pdf

13 Waitt C et al. Does U=U for breastfeeding mothers and infants? Breastfeeding by mothers on effective treatment for HIV infection in
high-income settings. Lancet HIV.µdoi:10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30098-5(27 June 2018)

14 Terrence Higgins Trust / You Gov poll, 2019

15 Jeffrey Crowley and Christian Ramers, ‘Disruptive Innovations to Help End the HIV Epidemic and The Rise of Telehealth’, AIDS2020
Conference

16 Public Health England, Trends in HIV testing, new diagnoses and people receiving HIV-related care in the United Kingdom: data to the
end of December 2019.
October 2020

17 PHE ‘HIV in the United Kingdom: Towards Zero HIV transmissions by 2030’, 2019

18 Lambeth Southwark and Lewisham (LSL) sexual reproductive health and HIV 2019-24 Strategy, March 2019

19 Croxford S et al., 2019, Community-based HIV testing in Europe: a systematic review (Poster), HepHIV 2019 Conference, 28-30 January 2019, Bucharest, Romania

20 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). HIV testing: encouraging uptake

21 All-Party Parliamentary Group on HIV and AIDS. COVID-19 and HIV, October 2020

22 Nam website. A quarter of gay men report casual sex during UK lockdown, Roger Pebody, 11 June 2020

23 GMI Partnership: Sex During COVID-19 Survey, 2020

24 Sparrowhawk, A. 2020. COVID-19: Impact on the community. BHIVA Virtual Conference 2020, 3 July 2020

25 The Lawson Unit Brighton, Submission to the HIV Commission, January 2020.

26 The Martin Fisher Foundation, Submission to the HIV Commission, January 2020

27 Integrated Sexual Health Service for Herefordshire Solution 4 Health and Kernow Positive Support, Submissions to the HIV Commission, January 2020

28 HIV Commission Evidence Hearing, Bristol, January 2020

29 BBC news, HIV Diagnosis for 15 men waiting for drugs on NHS

30 Lessons learnt from the history of contraception are relevant for the implementation of PrEP

31 Lessons learnt from the history of contraception are relevant for the implementation of PrEP

32 Public Health England, HIV in the United Kingdom: Towards Zero HIV transmissions by 2030, 2019

33 Sophia Forum, Terrence Higgins Trust. Women and HIV Invisible No Longer A national study of women’s experiences of HIV.; A Systematic Review of the
Inclusion (or Exclusion) of Women in HIV Research: From Clinical Studies of Antiretrovirals and Vaccines to Cure Strategies. Curno MJ,
Rossi S, Hodges-Mameletzis I, Johnston R, Price MA, Heidari S. 71, 2016
, Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Vol. 1,
pp. 181-8
; Where Were the Women? Gender Parity in Clinical Trials. Goldstein RH, Walensky RP. 26, 2019, The New England Journal of
Medicine, Vol. 381, pp. 2491-2493

34 Public Health England. Trends in HIV testing, new diagnoses and people receiving HIV-related care in the United Kingdom: data to the
end of December 2019 (November 2020)

35 The association between menopausal symptoms and adherence to antiretroviral therapy in women living with HIV. Solomon DF,
Burns F, Rolland A, Sabin C, Sherr L, Gilson R, Tariq S. Amsterdam : AIDS 2018, 2018

36 NAM aidsmap. HIV-positive gay men in England report highest chemsex rates in four-country survey. [Online] November 2019.

37 Evandrou, Maria, et al. Ethnic inequalities in limiting health and self-reported health in later life revisited. Epidemiology and
Community Health. 2016, Vol. 70, 7

38 Examining ethnic inequalities in health and tenure in England: A repeated cross-sectional analysis. Darlington-Pollock, Frances and
Norman, Paul. 82-90, s.l.µ: Health and Place, 2017, Vol. 46

39 CHIPS – Collaborative HIV Pediatric Study

40 CHIVA Guidance on Transition for adolescents living with HIV, CHIVA, 2017

41 Growing up with perinatal HIV: changes in clinical outcomes before and after transfer to adult care in the UK. al, Judd A et. 3, London : Journal of the International AIDS Society, 2017, Vol. 20. 21577.

42 Public Health England. HIV in the United Kingdom: Towards Zero HIV transmissions by 2030. 2019 Report. London: Public Health
England, 2020

43 https://www.chiva.org.uk/guidelines/naming-hiv-younger-age-chiva-statement

44 NAM. Gay and bisexual men with problematic chemsex are a diverse group with significant sexual and psychosocial risks

45 The term trans is used as an umbrella term that refers to all people whose gender identity is different to the gender given at birth,
this includes trans men, trans women, non-binary, and other gender identities. When appropriate, this report will disaggregate the
term to refer to a specific community within trans.

46 Government Equalities Office, National LGBT Survey Research Report, July 2018.

47 HIV Commission Evidence Hearing, Bristol, February 2020.

48 LGBT Foundation, Submission to the HIV Commission, January 2020.

49 Terrence Higgins Trust, Invisible No Longer: Women and HIV, 2018.

50 HIV Commission, Bristol Evidence Hearing, January 2020; NAZ, Submission to the HIV Commission, January 2020.

51 Public Health England, HIV in the United Kingdom: Towards Zero HIV transmissions by 2030, 2019.

52 Public Health England, HIV in the United Kingdom: Towards Zero HIV transmissions by 2030, 2019.

53 HIV Commission Evidence Hearing, Birmingham, March 2020.

54 Terrence Higgins Trust, Submission to the HIV Commission, January 2020; Brighton Evidence Hearing, January 2020.

55 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-42771665

56 Health and Social Care Select Committee Inquiry Report.

57 Nakagawa et al, ‘Project Lifetime Costs Associated with HIV Infection’, 2015.

58 Bohdan Nosyk, PHE, et al. “Ending the HIV epidemic in the USA: an economic modelling study in six cities”, The Lancet HIV 7, no.7,
2020.

60 Public Health England, HIV in the United Kingdom: Towards Zero HIV transmissions by 2030, 2019; 56 Dean Street, Submission to
the HIV Commission, January 2020.

61 Pre-exposure prophylaxis to prevent the acquisition of HIV-1 infection (PROUD): effectiveness results from the pilot phase of a
pragmatic open-label randomised trial. McCormack, Sheena, et al. 10013, s.l.: The Lancet, 2016, Vol.387.

62 BBC news, HIV Diagnosis for 15 men waiting for drugs on NHS.

63 https://www.aidsmap.com/news/dec-2016/uks-largest-sexual-health-clinic-saw-40-drop-new-hiv-infections-year

64 KJ Ong, AJ van Hoek RJ Harris J Figueroa L Waters C Chau S Croxford P Kirwan A Brown MJ Postma, “HIV care cost in England: a
cross-sectional analysis of antiretroviral treatment and the impact of generic introduction.” (HIV Medicine) 20, no.6 (2019)
.

65 Sex Education Forum, Submission to the HIV Commission, January 2020.

66 HIV Commission Evidence Hearing, Manchester, February 2020.

67 KPMG, Ending the HIV Epidemic: An Assessment of HIV policy in Europe and recommendations to help improve the lives of those
living with and at risk of HIV, 2019.

68 The Global Commission on HIV and the Law, Risks, Rights and Health, 2012.

69 NAT, Submission to the HIV Commission, January 2020, Carl Wanfor, Submission to the HIV Commission Have Your Say, March 2020.

70 Global Commission on HIV and the Law, Risks, Rights and Health, July 2012.

71 United Nations, Ending overly broad criminalization of HIV non-disclosure, exposure and transmission, 2013.

72 National AIDS Trust, Why NAT opposes prosecutions for reckless HIV transmission, April 2020.

73 Public Health England, Making It Work: a guide to whole system commissioning for sexual health, reproductive health and HIV, 2015.

74 Local Government Association, Sexual Health Commissioning in Local Government, 2019

75 Public Health England. Making it work: a guide to whole system commissioning for sexual health, reproductive health and HIV.
[Online] 2015.

76 HIV Commission Evidence Hearing, Birmingham, March 2020.

77 https://www.itv.com/news/granada/2020-08-18/67-homeless-people-in-merseyside-now-on-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-treatment-plans

78 Positive Voices Survey 2018, ‘Changing Perceptions: Talking about HIV and our needs’.

79 The APPG on HIV/AIDS, The Missing Link: HIV and Sexual Health, 2020

80 The APPG on HIV and AIDS, The Missing Link: HIV and Mental Health, 2020.

81 Positive Voices, Changing Perceptions: Talking About HIV and our Needs, November 2018.